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Engine Start-Up Robust Control for a Power-Split Hybrid System Based on μ Synthesis Method
ISSN: 2691-3747, e-ISSN: 2691-3755
Published April 27, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Zhao, Z., Fan, J., Li, M., and Fu, J., "Engine Start-Up Robust Control for a Power-Split Hybrid System Based on μ Synthesis Method," SAE Int. J. Elec. Veh. 10(1):89-101, 2021, https://doi.org/10.4271/14-10-01-0007.
Engine starting control is of great importance for the mode transition process from pure electric mode to electronic-Continuously Variable Transmission (e-CVT) mode for an input power-split system. To suppress the impact of engine start-up on the powertrain, and improve the vehicle ride comfort during the mode transition process, this study proposes an engine start-up robust control strategy based on the μ synthesis method. Firstly, the models of powertrain dynamics and the engine ripple torque (ERT) are established, and the mode transition process is analyzed. Secondly, the engine start-up robust control strategy is proposed to distribute the torque of each power source. The optimal engine cranking speed trajectory is designed based on a dynamic programming algorithm aimed at reducing the engine start-up time and improving the vehicle ride comfort. Finally, to track the optimal engine speed trajectory and the desired power output-end speed, a robust controller is developed based on the μ synthesis method, which considers the system’s parametric perturbations and external disturbances. Simulation results on the MATLAB/Simulink platform indicate that the proposed approach can effectively reduce the vehicle longitudinal jerk during the engine starting process and possess superior robust performance against parametric perturbations and external disturbances.