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Optimal Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Improved Genetic Algorithm
ISSN: 2691-3747, e-ISSN: 2691-3755
Published June 23, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Wei, C., Chen, Y., Sun, X., and Zhang, Y., "Optimal Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Improved Genetic Algorithm," SAE Int. J. Elec. Veh. 9(2):143-154, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/14-09-02-0009.
The equivalent consumption minimization strategy (ECMS) is a promising energy management approach to low-fuel economy with the outstanding features of high efficiency. In this article, an optimal ECMS by Improved Genetic Algorithm (IGA) is proposed. To this end, we improved the genetic algorithm (GA) from the coding method, initialization mode, and cross and mutation process. And based on the comprehensive energy consumption and Pontryagin’s minimum principle, the equivalent factor was derived. The IGA was used to optimize the equivalent factor. To evaluate the performance of the proposed energy management strategy (EMS), the average efficiency of the engine and the motor was analyzed in an urban area, high-speed area, and the whole area. The comprehensive fuel consumption was used as the energy consumption index, and the battery capacity loss under the transient conditions was amplified to 10 years as the evaluation battery life index. The simulation results show that under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), the proposed strategy improves the fuel economy and battery life index by 14.64% and 36.76%, respectively, compared with the rule-based EMS.