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An Aspect of Noise, Vibration, and Harshness Issues in Electric Vehicles

Journal Article
10-06-01-0002
ISSN: 2380-2162, e-ISSN: 2380-2170
Published October 08, 2021 by SAE International in United States
An Aspect of Noise, Vibration, and Harshness Issues in Electric
                    Vehicles
Sector:
Citation: Hazra, S. and Reddy, J., "An Aspect of Noise, Vibration, and Harshness Issues in Electric Vehicles," SAE Int. J. Veh. Dyn., Stab., and NVH 6(1):23-33, 2022, https://doi.org/10.4271/10-06-01-0002.
Language: English

Abstract:

Electric vehicles (EVs) are gaining ground more recently. New powertrains like electric and hybrid come with new noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH) issues previously unknown. A new approach to acoustic engineering is required to study NVH issues in EVs. The two primary dominant sources in an internal combustion engine (ICE) are engine noise due to combustion, and exhaust noise would not be there for EVs. EVs are less noisy, but several motor or battery cooling noises are encountered during design and validation. NVH is an indispensable part of subsystem integration in the EV powertrain. This article deals with various noise issues generally observed in EVs and their possible treatment to achieve the comfort car, satisfying customer expectations. The NVH-related problems for EVs are categorized into five categories: motor, wind, road, auxiliary, and other noises like integration. A detailed study of each category/problem type and NVH-suppression methods are discussed. The selection of powertrain mount architecture and its impact on load transfer and crash performance are also presented in this article. A balancing approach is required for NVH, durability, and crash requirements.