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Steady Aeroelastic Response Prediction and Validation for Automobile Hoods
ISSN: 1946-3995, e-ISSN: 1946-4002
Published July 10, 2018 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Pesich, J., McNamara, J., Kimbrell, A., and Kang, P., "Steady Aeroelastic Response Prediction and Validation for Automobile Hoods," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 11(4):251-262, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4271/06-11-04-0021.
The pursuit of improved fuel economy through weight reduction, reduced manufacturing costs, and improved crash safety can result in increased compliance in automobile structures. However, with compliance comes an increased susceptibility to aerodynamic and vibratory loads. The hood in particular withstands considerable aerodynamic force at highway speeds, creating the potential for significant aeroelastic response that may adversely impact customer satisfaction and perception of vehicle quality. This work seeks an improved understanding in computational and experimental study of fluid-structure interactions between automobile hoods and the surrounding internal and external flow. Computational analysis was carried out using coupled CFD-FEM solvers with detailed models of the automobile topology and structural components. The experimental work consisted of wind tunnel tests using a full-scale production vehicle. Comparisons between numerical and experimental results yielded important insights into required modeling fidelity, coupling, and challenges in validation for the aeroelastic response of automobile hoods.