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Machine Learning Models for Predicting Grinding Wheel Conditions Using Acoustic Emission Features

Journal Article
05-14-04-0026
ISSN: 1946-3979, e-ISSN: 1946-3987
Published May 28, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Machine Learning Models for Predicting Grinding Wheel Conditions Using Acoustic Emission Features
Sector:
Citation: Rameshkumar, K., Mouli, D., and Shivith, K., "Machine Learning Models for Predicting Grinding Wheel Conditions Using Acoustic Emission Features," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 14(4):2021, https://doi.org/10.4271/05-14-04-0026.
Language: English

Abstract:

In an automated machining process, monitoring the conditions of the tool is essential for deciding to replace or repair the tool without any manual intervention. Intelligent models built with sensor information and machine learning techniques are predicting the condition of the tool with good accuracy. In this study, statistical models are developed to identify the conditions of the abrasive grinding wheel using the Acoustic Emission (AE) signature acquired during the surface grinding operation. Abrasive grinding wheel conditions are identified using the abrasive wheel wear plot established by conducting experiments. The piezoelectric sensor is used to capture the AE from the grinding process, and statistical features of the abrasive wheel conditions are extracted in time and wavelet domains of the signature. Machine learning algorithms, namely, Classification and Regression Trees (CART) and Support Vector Classifiers (SVC), are used to build statistical models. AE features extracted from the wavelet domain using Discrete Wavelet Transforms (DWT) are predicting the conditions of the abrasive wheel with an accuracy of more than 90%.