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Process-Structure-Property Relationship in Dissimilar Al-High-Strength Steel Impact Spot Welds Created Using Vaporizing Foil Actuator Welding
Published September 09, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Kapil, A., Vivek, A., and Daehn, G., "Process-Structure-Property Relationship in Dissimilar Al-High-Strength Steel Impact Spot Welds Created Using Vaporizing Foil Actuator Welding," SAE Technical Paper 05-14-01-0003, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/05-14-01-0003.
Vaporizing foil actuator welding (VFAW) created nominally solid-state spot welds between high-strength DP980 steel and 6022 T4 aluminum. The effects of varying the impact velocity and angle between the Al flyer and target steel sheets on the structure and properties of the joints were evaluated using photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fractography, and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. The incident angle and velocity of the flyer plate were quantified using PDV, and their relations to the structure and properties of the joint were assessed with microscopy and strength testing. Impact velocity and average impact angle increase with the increasing standoff. Lower impact angles and higher impact velocities promoted interfacial failure due to increased melting, higher intermetallic thickness, and lower wave amplitude and wavelength. At higher standoffs, higher collision angles led to increased waviness, and significant patches of aluminum adhered to the steel sheet were seen, providing evidence of ductile tearing.