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Parameter Sensitivity and Process Time Reduction for Friction Element Welding of 6061-T6 Aluminum to 1500 MPa Press-Hardened Steel
- Brandt J. Ruszkiewicz ,
- Jamie D. Skovron ,
- Saheem Absar - Clemson University Department of Mechanical Engineering, USA ,
- Hongseok Choi - Clemson University Department of Mechanical Engineering, USA ,
- Xin Zhao - Clemson University Department of Mechanical Engineering, USA ,
- Laine Mears ,
- Tim Abke ,
- Kerem Ipekbayrak
ISSN: 1946-3979, e-ISSN: 1946-3987
Published December 14, 2018 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Ruszkiewicz, B., Skovron, J., Absar, S., Choi, H. et al., "Parameter Sensitivity and Process Time Reduction for Friction Element Welding of 6061-T6 Aluminum to 1500 MPa Press-Hardened Steel," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 12(1):41-56, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/05-12-01-0004.
Conventional fusion joining techniques pervasive in the automotive industry are unable to effectively join aluminum and steel. To solve this problem, a technique termed friction element welding (FEW) has been developed, which is able to join any nonferrous top sheet material to a base steel layer, independent of the base layer strength. FEW works on the same principles as friction welding, as a steel element is pushed and rotated against a nonferrous top sheet to create frictional energy which softens and flows the material around the fastener shaft and under the fastener head, exposing the steel below. The element then contacts the steel and bonds through traditional friction welding. FEW is a four-step process (penetration, cleaning, welding, compression), with two to four parameters (endload, spindle speed, displacement transition, time transition) controlling each step. This research examines the parameter sensitivity of the FEW process in the cleaning, welding, and compression steps with an emphasis on reducing process time while maintaining joint strength. Joint strength is evaluated through transverse shear, cross tension, and fatigue transverse shear. It is found that process time can be reduced by up to 39% with only a nominal reduction in strength. Dominant parameters are identified for controlling peak torque, process time, and joint strength.
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