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Impact Level of Selected Fuel Mixtures on the Natural Environment

Journal Article
03-16-08-0056
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published October 13, 2023 by SAE International in United States
Impact Level of Selected Fuel Mixtures on the Natural
                    Environment
Sector:
Citation: Markiewicz, M., Muślewski, Ł., and Pająk, M., "Impact Level of Selected Fuel Mixtures on the Natural Environment," SAE Int. J. Engines 16(8):1009-1024, 2023, https://doi.org/10.4271/03-16-08-0056.
Language: English

Abstract:

The European Union’s pro-ecological policy imposes a requirement to use biofuel additives in diesel fuel which is supposed to support the sustainable development of transport and limit its negative impact on the natural environment. The study presents an analysis of the exhaust gas components and the amount of solid particles carried out for internal combustion engines fueled with mixtures of diesel fuel and fatty acid methyl esters. Additionally, the computer software of the tested power units was modified by changing the amount of fuel to be supplied and the air intake. The goal of the tests was to find out how the fuel mixture and reprogramming of the computer control systems would impact the emission of exhaust gas components. Based on the tests, it was found that an additive of fatty acid methyl esters to diesel does have an influence on the tested unit parameters. The highest values were found for a mixture containing 90% diesel fuel and 10% fatty acid methyl esters, whereas the lowest ones were for a mixture composed of 50% diesel fuel and 50% fatty acid methyl esters.