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Engine Model-Based Pre-calibration and Optimization for Mid-level Hierarchical Control Design
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 13, 2021 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Shamekhi, A. and Shamekhi, A., "Engine Model-Based Pre-calibration and Optimization for Mid-level Hierarchical Control Design," SAE Int. J. Engines 14(5):651-669, 2021, https://doi.org/10.4271/03-14-05-0039.
In this article, model-based calibration of a spark-ignition (SI) engine for reducing fuel consumption and pollutant emissions is performed with a new perspective. Instead of conventional local modeling, a global model with high accuracy and fast response is employed for optimization. As will be explained, this relieves the need for harmful harsh smoothening required for local models. A driving cycle-oriented calibration is performed with after-catalyst emissions and knock limits taken into consideration, which is a notable achievement in SI engine calibration. Both part-load and full-load modes of an engine in the widest ranges of a fully warmed-up operation will be covered. To eliminate variance errors resulted from meta-heuristic optimization, committee machines will be used, which, unlike other approaches, does not distort the original results. In the end, mid-level controller calibration maps for spark advance, throttle angle, air-fuel ratio (for full-load mode), and Variable Valve Timing (VVT) are presented in the widest ranges of engine operation.