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Optimization of Intake Port and Pentroof Angle for Simultaneous Reduction of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions in a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine

Journal Article
03-13-03-0020
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published February 04, 2020 by SAE International in United States
Optimization of Intake Port and Pentroof Angle for Simultaneous Reduction of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions in a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine
Sector:
Citation: Saw, O., Addepalli, S., and Mallikarjuna, J., "Optimization of Intake Port and Pentroof Angle for Simultaneous Reduction of Fuel Consumption and Exhaust Emissions in a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine," SAE Int. J. Engines 13(3):293-309, 2020, https://doi.org/10.4271/03-13-03-0020.
Language: English

Abstract:

This article aims to identify the best combination of intake port angle (IPA) and cylinder head pentroof angle (PA) of a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine to achieve a simultaneous reduction in the fuel consumption and the exhaust emissions using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and optimization techniques. The present study is carried out on a single-cylinder, four-stroke GDI engine. The design space is bound by the range of the IPA (35°, 80°) and the PA (5°, 20°). The initial data set consists of 80 design points, which are generated using the uniform Latin hypercube (ULH) algorithm. CFD simulations were carried out at all the points in the initial data set using CONVERGE at engine speed of 2,000 rev/min and the overall equivalence ratio of 0.7 ± 0.05. A prediction model based on the support vector machine algorithm is generated between the design inputs and the output parameters viz., indicated specific fuel consumption (ISFC), hydrocarbon (HC), nitric oxides (NOx), and soot. After sufficient validation of the prediction model, it is used for the optimization study. The optimization is carried out using the MOGA-II algorithm. The optimization study predicted that the IPA of 58° and the PA of 13.4° results best, in simultaneous reduction of the fuel consumption and the emissions. The results of the optimization study are further validated using the CFD analysis, which is carried out at the optimum design point. From the results, it is concluded that the optimization-driven design techniques could be effectively used to improve the engine performance and reduce the emissions simultaneously.