This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
An Aerodynamic Equation of State—Part II: Applications to Flapping Flight
ISSN: 1946-3855, e-ISSN: 1946-3901
Published April 19, 2023 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Burgers, P., "An Aerodynamic Equation of State—Part II: Applications to Flapping Flight," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 17(1):2024, https://doi.org/10.4271/01-17-01-0002.
Part I introduced the aerodynamic equation of state. This Part II introduces the aerodynamic equation of state for lift and induced drag of flapping wings and applies it to a hovering and forward-flying bumblebee and a mosquito. Two- and three-dimensional graphical representations of the state space are introduced and explored for engineered subsonic flyers, biological fliers, and sports balls.