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Design and Development of Multipurpose Agriculture Drone Using Lightweight Materials
ISSN: 1946-3855, e-ISSN: 1946-3901
Published December 30, 2022 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Balaji, K., Babu, V., and Sulthan, S., "Design and Development of Multipurpose Agriculture Drone Using Lightweight Materials," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 16(2):2023, https://doi.org/10.4271/01-16-02-0012.
The purpose of this research is to fabricate a multipurpose drone with different lightweight materials that are used for water irrigation as well as pesticide spraying in agricultural fields. Components are collected and the drone is fabricated based on the parameters required for payload, weight, and design calculations. After the completion of fabrication, the drone is tested using different masses of payload for better endurance. The drone arms are made of balsa wood and stands are fabricated with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and carbon fiber. The obtained results proved that a full payload is able to fly for 7 min; at the same time if we reduce the payload to 50%, the endurance will be increased double the time. In this study, the same drone and pumping configuration is used to perform the water and pesticide irrigation over various areas on agricultural land, which is achieved by changing the tank quantity. It will reduce the human work and cost of purchasing two different drones. This novel concept of multipurpose agriculture drones will help farmers to increase their yield and reduce human risk in terms of pesticide used in agriculture that causes several health issues.